Construction & Assembly Woodworking Tips

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Here you will find a list of 15 useful tips for woodworking construction and assembly.

Definitions:
Assembly - The arrangement, placement, and attachment of the various parts of a wood project.

  1. To help protect and improve the appearance of the edges of manufactured boards, attach an edge laminate or a solid strip of lumber.

  2. Using dado assembly blocks is a good way to hold pieces of a project together prior to gluing, or using fasteners to permanently join the lumber.

  3. The best way to locate the proper position of dowel holes is to use dowel centers.  First drill the dowel holes in edge of one board and insert dowel centers.  Align the two boards together and clamp them.  Remove the clamps and dowel centers.  Drill the other dowel holes at the pin mark locations made by the dowel centers.

  4. When drilling dowel holes for joining two boards together be sure to drill the holes approximately 1/8” deeper than ½” the dowel length. 

  5. If end joint gluing is necessary, use dowels or biscuits to help strengthen the joint.

  6. One way to square mitered corners when gluing, is to clamp a square piece of angle iron in each corner.

  7. If the finished project is to be ¾” thick and requires gluing the edges to acquire the width needed, one must purchase 1” thick stock and then plane to ¾” after it is glued.

  8. Use paraffin or bees wax on sticky cabinet drawer guides to solve the problem.

  9. Nylon tape can be used on sticky drawer guides as a more permanent method to allow the drawers to slide easily.

  10. When using buttons to plug holes, be sure to rotate the buttons to match the grain pattern of the lumber.

  11. A fast and accurate way to square a drawer is to measure the diagonals.  Apply glue to the joints and place two bar clamps diagonally to one another on the drawer corners.  Make small adjustments to the clamps until the diagonal distances are equal.

  12. When making a cabinet, orient the grain pattern for all four sides in the same direction.  This will minimize expansion and contraction problems, because each side will have similar movements due to humidity changes. 

  13. When making a top for a cabinet or a table, position the boards so that the end grains will be on the shortest sides.

  14. Kitchen cabinets are constructed from many species of wood, but the most common would include oak, cherry and maple.  These woods are not only beautiful, but they are also durable enough to withstand everyday use without denting and scratching.

  15. Typically, kitchen and bathroom cabinets are constructed of solid wood frames, fronts, and trim, while the sides are typically constructed of veneer plywood.